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Dolonor Huizong Si
Dolonor (Monglian: Doloonuur; “seven lakes”) and Huizong Monastery
Dolonor (present-day Duolun city, Inner Mongolia, Chin.:
) is located in southern Inner Mongolia, on one of the major passageways to Beijing from areas north of the Great Wall. Its importance cannot be understood
without mentioning the Dolonor Meeting (May, 1695, the 30th year of the Kangxi reign), which was the watershed moment in terms of the relation between the Qing court and the Mongols in the early Qing dynasty. During this meeting, the attending Khalkha Mongol elites appealed to the Kangxi emperor to build a monastery as a memento. The Kangxi emperor therefore chose Dolonor to be the site. In 1696, Dolonor Monastery was built by imperial order.
After numerous renovations in the following twenty years, by 1714, the 53rd year of the Kangxi regime, the monastery became one of the finest embellished monasteries north of Beijing. It was renamed Huizong monastery (
) by the Kangxi emperor upon the request of the then abbot-lama. “Huizong” means gathering all sects together (like rivers flowing to the sea). The major hall of this monastery was destroyed by fire during the Xianfeng reign (1851-1861).
Most of the renovations were sponsored by the Imperial house. In 1702, Dorje Hutuktu
was assigned as the abbot-lama. By 1732, Jebstun Choden (Zhebesang quedan
, *rje bstun chos ldan), another Lama among the four lamas moved to Dolonor. Since then, the city of Dolonor became even more important in terms of Tibetan Buddhism being practiced in Mongolian communities in that region.
Dolonor’s importance can be mainly attributed to the imperial patronage and promotion. A twenty-year long renovation project was financially supported by the Kangxi emperor. The Kangxi emperor visited Dolonor once every two years and sent major business entities to Dolonor under the supervision of the Lifan Yuan. After the establishment of the monastery, the population in Dolonor increased tremendously, and many craft workshops emerged here. Moreover, the two massive temple fairs (Great Prayer Assemblies “
”) in each January and June attracted many pastoral residents from neighboring areas. Eventually Dolonor became known as a big city. The Kangxi emperor was so impressed when he visited Dolonor in 1714 that he commented that: "[The city of Dolonor] has become a metropolis."
, “Prince Yunli and the Monglian Version of Fuzang Scriptures”
Studies in Qing History
Aug, 2002 No. 3, 99-105.
Gao, Yali and Liu, Qingbo
, “The Establishment and Development of the Huizong Monastery, Dolonor”
2004, No.5, 14-19.
, “Emperor Kangxi and Huizong Monastery at Lake Dolonor”
Journal of Inner Mongolia University (Humanities and Social Sciences)
), May, 2004, Vol. 36, No.3, 60-65.
Entry by 07/08/07
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